In the north of the Kaliningrad region you can find a unique hydrographic object – the Curonian Spit. In 2000, the Curonian Spit was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Kaliningrad was repeatedly recognized as the best city in Russia. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the country.
Also, there is a significant amount of historical monuments of the Teutonic Order and the Prussian periods on the territory of the region – the ruins of castles and churches, remains of ramparts and fortifications.
In the north of the region you can find a unique hydrographic object – the Curonian Spit. It is a long and narrow strip of sandy land that has a form of a saber, separating the Curonian Bay from the Baltic Sea. The length of the spit is 98 km.
Old small towns of the Kaliningrad region can be of great interest. Sovetsk, former Tilsit, has retained its historic architectural plan. It has a large number of monuments and places of interest. In 1807, Napoleon and Alexander I signed the famous Treaty of Tilsit here.
Kaliningrad region is located in Central Europe. In the south it borders with Poland, in the north and east – with Lithuania. In the west the region is washed by the Baltic Sea. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, it became a half-exclave of Russia, as it has no land border with the mainland, but it is connected to it by sea. The maximum length of the region from west to east is 205 km, from north to south – 108 km. The largest rivers are the Neman and Pregel.
Kaliningrad is a city in Russia, the capital of the Kaliningrad region. It is the most western regional center of the country.
Before 1255, it was known as Tuvangaste, from 1255 till 1946, the name of the town was Kenigsberg.
In 1255, Teutonic Knights built Konigsberg castle. In 1457, Konigsberg castle became the headquarters of the Teutonic Order. In the period from 1773 to 1945, the town of Konigsberg was the center of East Prussia. In 1919, Devau airport was opened in Konigsberg. It was the first airport in Germany and one of the first airports in Europe and the world.
Konigsberg became the part of the Soviet Union in 1945. The city was renamed Kaliningrad.
Kaliningrad was rebuilt and went through industrialization and modernization. Kaliningrad region was one of the most western territories of the USSR.
Located about 1235 km of Moscow.
Moscow – Kaliningrad – 2h00m